Exporting regulations 

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There are many opportunities for Canadian businesses to enter markets outside of Canada, but the exporting process can sometimes seem overwhelming. There are a number of different rules and regulations that you need to consider as you navigate this process and start selling your goods around the world.

Canadian Government requirements and processes

When exporting commercial goods from Canada, you will generally need to:

  • Have a Business Number with an import-export account
  • Determine the country of origin of the goods (are they produced in Canada or somewhere else?) and potentially complete a Canadian certificate of origin
  • Find out if the goods can be exported or if they are prohibited or restricted in any way
  • Find out if you need an export permit
  • Classify the goods according to the Harmonized System (HS codes) or the Canadian Tariff Classification Number
  • Report your exports to Canada Border Services Agency
  • Ship your goods, which could involve an inspection of your shipment by Canada Border Services Agency and could bring about penalties, if you do not comply with customs requirements

You will need to find out how to obtain a Business Number and learn about the exporting requirements of the Canadian government.

  • Exporting Goods from Canada

    If you are planning to export goods, this guide can help you understand your obligations under Canada's Customs Act and Reporting of Exported Goods Regulations.

  • Export and import controls

    Get permission to export or import products related to agriculture, firearms, logs, softwood lumber, steel, textiles, clothing, the military and more.

  • Checklist for Exporting Commercial Goods

    Use this one-pager as a reminder of the key steps involved in exporting your goods.

  • Business Number (BN)

    Your Business Number is your single account number for dealing with the government regarding GST/HST, payroll, import/export and other activities.

  • Step-by-Step Guide to Exporting Commercial Goods from Canada

    Get a detailed overview of the process of exporting commercial goods from Canada.

  • Permits and licences

    Find the federal, provincial/territorial and municipal permits and licences that you may need to start or manage your business.

  • Canadian Economic Sanctions

    Be aware of the Canadian sanctions that prohibit or restrict economic activity with specific countries, organizations and individuals.

Importing country requirements

In addition to complying with Canadian government requirements, you will also need to know the requirements of the importing country. For example:

  • What paperwork is required at the border?
  • Do you need a certificate of origin?
  • Are there any restrictions on your product?
  • Are you required to comply with local labelling requirements?

These information services are a good starting point for understanding and staying up to date on the requirements of importing countries:

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